State of Housing Rights in Belgium

The Right to housing is constitutionally guaranteed in Art. 23§3 which ensures that “everyone has the right to enjoy a life in conformity with human dignity”. The right to decent accommodation is understood as part of this right to dignity. Indeed, Art. 23§3 continues by stating that “towards this end, the law, the decree or rules established under Art. 134 guarantees, taking into account the corresponding obligations, economic, social... More


Nicolas Bernard,  Faculté Universitaire Saint Louis, Brussels Tel: +32 (0)22 11 78 44 Website:    



Belgium decriminalized vagabondage and begging in 1993. Activities associated with homelessness, such as sleeping rough, aggressive begging or other “nuisances” are currently the object of penalizing...